THE NORTH AMERICAN INDIAN REPUBLICATION

It’s such a big dream, I can’t see it all.   – Edward S. Curtis

Self-portrait, 1899

Self-portrait, 1899

Photograph of Theodore Roosevelt, Edward Curtis, 1905
Goldtone Photograph of Theodore Roosevelt, Edward Curtis, 1905

Mr. Curtis, because of the singular combination of qualities with which he has been blest, and because of his extraordinary success in making and using his opportunities, has been able to do what no other man has ever done (…) the information that is to be gathered, for the benefit of future generations, respecting the mode of life of one of the great races of mankind, must be collected at once or the opportunity will be lost for all time.

Volume III, Map of the Battle of the Little Big Horn
Volume III, Map of the Battle of the Little Big Horn

As the 150th Anniversary of Edward Curtis’ birth in 2018 draws near, Christopher Cardozo Fine Art is pleased to announce the republication of Edward S. Curtis’ monumental work, The North American Indian.  Both of our Republication Sets – Custom Edition or Complete Reference Edition™ reproduce  Curtis’ magnum opus in its entirety: twenty Volumes, twenty Portfolios, 2,234 photographic prints, 5,023 pages of text and over 2,500,000 words and special characters. The North American Indian is an iconic, landmark publication. Our Republication Editions are intended for institutions and collectors that own original Sets and want greater accessibility and enhanced preservation of their vintage Set and for collectors and institutions that do not currently own Sets who will find both Editions attractive alternatives to the original Sets. Both have enhanced readability, layout and image reproduction.

Curtis’ photographs comprehend indispensable images
of every human being at every time in every place.
– N. Scott Momaday

THE CUSTOM EDITION

Each Custom Edition Set includes complete, full-size recreations of all twenty original Text Volumes. These quarto-size (12¾ x 9¾”) Volumes comprise 1,511 photographs and illustrations, and 5,023 pages of text,  including extensive transcriptions of  Native languages and music, creating a rich, unique and detailed artistic and ethnographic record of over eighty distinct North American tribal groups.

The photographs, including over thirty in color, are printed one sheet at a time and have a richness that is especially appealing to contemporary readers. The original twenty Portfolios, comprising 723 photogravure plates, are also beautifully reproduced one sheet at a time and are presented in five oversized Portfolio Volumes. Text layout, design, and readability have also been significantly improved throughout.

Fine materials and craftsmanship are evident throughout the Republication Sets. Each Volume and Portfolio Volume is bound in three-quarter bonded leather with archival linen-finished cloth and top edge gilding. The gilt spine stamping on the Portfolio Volumes is a unique design created specifically for the Custom Edition.

The Custom Edition is believed to be the largest republication project in North American publishing history. We are investing over 10,000 hours in research, typesetting, layout, prototyping and proofing. Overall, we expect the completion of the project will require approximately 35,000 hours and we have enlisted specialists in eight diverse fields. Our goal is to create Sets at consistently high level of craftsmanship, improved text layout, and readability, with beautiful reproductions of Curtis’ photographs. The Custom Edition is limited to an edition of 75.

THE COMPLETE REFERENCE EDITION™

Christopher Cardozo Fine Art is pleased to announce our recreation of Edward S. Curtis’ monumental work, The North American Indian. Each Complete Reference Edition™ Set reproduces Curtis’ magnum opus in its entirety. This is the first time in over a century that a modestly priced, high-quality republication has been available.

The North American Indian is an iconic, landmark publication. It is a rich, unique and detailed artistic and ethnographic record of over eighty North American tribal groups and includes extensive transcriptions of Native languages and music.

All 20 Volumes and 20 Portfolios have been re-created with careful fidelity to the original. This project is believed to be the largest republication project in North American publishing history.

The Complete Reference Edition™ offers a finely crafted alternative to both the original Curtis Sets and our Custom Edition, at less than one-half of 1% of the cost of the original Sets, and less than one-quarter of the cost of the Custom Edition. The Complete Reference Edition™ shares the Custom Edition’s enhanced readability and fidelity to the original content. The content is identical to both the original Sets and the Custom Edition.

By its completion, Cardozo Fine Art will have invested over 35,000 hours in this project, ensuring absolute fidelity to the original.

The Complete Reference Edition™ has leveraged the $200,000+ investment made in the creation of the Custom Edition™, to create a beautifully presented complete set at an extraordinary value.

The North American Indian Republication

Republication Volumes

RECREATING THE TEXT

The original text for The North American Indian was hand-cast in metal type and letterpress printed. It is beautiful and romantic. Unfortunately, the text is often difficult to read because of the small type size, inking issues and type degradation.

Although it is requiring a further investment of over 10,000 hours, we chose to digitize, refine and improve all twenty Volumes and the two and a half million words and the special characters contained therein. Digitizing the text proved ideal for this artisanal edition of The North American Indian, as it retains the essential character of the original, yet is discernibly easier to read and more accessible to contemporary readers. Combined with contemporary printing methods, the digital type produces the sharpest, most legible letter forms for the text, and using the same typeface family as the original allows us to retain much of the original elegance. Digitization of the text has also allowed us to make subtle and nuanced changes that improve the overall layout and text flow.

Digital creation of custom font

Digital creation of custom font

Original letterpress-printed text at left, digitally captured and remastered text at right (8x enlargment)

Original letterpress-printed text at left, digitally captured and remastered text at right (8x enlargement)

I regard the work you have done as one of the most valuable works any American could now do. Your photographs stand by themselves, both in their wonderful artistic merit and in their value as historical documents. I know of no others which begin to approach them in either respect. You are now making a record of the lives of the Indians of our country, which in another decade cannot be made at all.

– President Theodore Roosevelt

RECREATING THE PHOTOGRAVURES

Over 2,234 images accompany the rich and detailed text, representing the most widely celebrated component of The North American Indian. Christopher Cardozo Fine Art has printed Curtis images for over two decades, giving us a unique ability to print the images for this republication project. We have recreated prints combining the best aspects of Curtis’ photogravures with his award-winning platinum exhibition prints. After extensive research and development, we believe we have succeeded in creating prints that, while inspired by the original photogravures, are richer, more nuanced and more accessible. Our skilled team of master printers have created unique processes that enable us to consistently create exceptionally beautiful reproductions.

The republication of The North American Indian is unlike any project we have previously undertaken and working with each of the 2,234 images has provided us with unique insights into Curtis’ artistic vision and an even deeper understanding and appreciation of Curtis’ work.

Volume III, Pipe-bags, 1908

Volume III, Pipe-bags, 1908

PUBLISHER’S NOTE

Curtis had the support of the wealthiest man in the world, J.P. Morgan, and the president of the world’s most powerful country, Theodore Roosevelt. More importantly, an estimated 10,000 Native people were active participants and co–creators of this project. Thus, Curtis achieved what he did only through the active support and participation of thousands of individuals and institutions. Together, they left us with an unparalleled legacy, and today The North American Indian still remains an iconic American publication.

As we approach the 150th Anniversary of Edward Curtis’ birth in 2018, this republication project is intended to both honor Edward Curtis and his Native co-creators, as well as satisfy the previously unfulfilled demand for a high quality, contemporary edition of Curtis’ classic magnum opus.

– Christopher Cardozo, September 2015

Detail of Binding
Detail of Binding

MATERIALS AND WORKMANSHIP

THE CUSTOM EDITION

DIMENSIONS Portfolio Volumes: 15 ⅜ × 12 ¾ × 1 ¾” each. Text Volumes: 12 ¾ × 9 ¾ × 1 ¾” each.

LEATHER Flanders Mahogany European Bonded Leather.

BOOK CLOTH Arrestox B-weight cloth from Holliston Mills in Church Hill, TN. Wicker-colored with Aqueous-impregnated Acrylic backing and neutral pH. 100% cotton plain-weave cloth with linen finish.

BOOK ASSEMBLY All books are assembled by hand under the supervision of Alyson Coward. All image press sheets are trimmed to size, inspected, and tipped with interleaving sheets as per the original books. All images are re-inspected upon insertion into the Text Volume, and inspected again to ensure that the image and text pages are properly collated. This multiple-step process adds over one and one half hours to the completion of each individual Volume.

BINDING At Campbell-Logan Bindery in Minneapolis, under the supervision of Greg and Duncan Campbell. Text and Portfolio Volumes are machine-oversewn single sheets per traditional bookbinding standards,  before rounding, backing, and casing. This is consistent with the original binding of the Text and Portfolio Volumes.

TOP-EDGE GOLD GILDING by Custom Bookbinding Inc. in Beloit, Wisconsin.

SPINE GILDING AND DIES Text and Portfolio Volume spines are gilded using thermal transfer gold foil. The spine stamping dies are made by Owosso Graphic Arts, Inc. Spine titling is Birch and Garamond. All books are re-inspected by CCFA upon return to ensure the integrity of the gilded edge. A final inspection is given before packing and shipment.

ENDSHEETS Hahnemühle mold-made Bugra paper #304. Archival, lightfast, 100% alpha cellulose laid paper.

INTERLEAVING Each of the 2,234 photographs are protected by hand-laid archival interleaving sheets. The interleaving paper is lightweight (2.5mil) buffered, acid/lignin-free 25% cotton fiber paper.

HEADBANDS The red and yellow woven headbands are silk threads, woven onto string or cane centers, and fastened to cotton tape.

PAPER Mohawk Superfine is one of the finest printing papers made today. Few other papers have the same reputation for quality, consistency, and uniformity. Superfine has superb formation, lush tactility, archival quality, timeless appeal and is made from premium virgin pulps. Acid-free and Forest Stewardship Council certified. For all image pages: 100 lb. text weight Superfine with Eggshell surface in Soft White. For all text pages: 80 lb. text weight Superfine with Eggshell surface in Soft White.

INK All images are printed on an Epson Stylus Pro 9900 at Cardozo Fine Art under the direct supervision of Peter Bernardy. The wide-gamut, high-density pigment Epson UltraChrome HDR inks used on this project feature a resin coating for each particle that provides improved stability resulting in professional print permanence and lightfastness ratings of over 100 years. Epson’s ten-color pigment-based ink system and unique High Dynamic Range (HDR) pigments provide an extremely wide-color gamut. Professional print permanence ratings and exceptional black density.

 THE COMPLETE REFERENCE EDITION™

Subscriber Profile:

• Individual collectors and institutions that own original Sets who are seeking greater accessibility, enhanced preservation, ease of handling, and exceptional presentation and quality. • Collectors and institutional subscribers that do not want to invest $1,000,000-$3,000,000 to acquire an original Set but desire an extremely high-quality recreation. • Our Complete Reference Edition™ is available at approximately one-quarter of 1% of the cost of an original, vintage Set, and 20% of the cost of our hand-created Custom Edition.

Contents:

• 20 quarto-sized Volumes: 5,023 pages of text containing over 2,500,000 words and special characters and 1,511 photographic prints and illustrations, of which 34 are in color.

• The 20 original Portfolios are presented in four Portfolio Volumes that comprise recreations of all 723 original photogravure plates.

• All Native language special characters were recreated digitally for the Reference Edition.

• All 2,234 photographs were digitally remastered to state-of-the-art standards by Master Printer Peter Bernardy whose contemporary Curtis photographs have been exhibited internationally in over 100 venues in 42 countries.

• Greatly enhanced readability and accessibility for both text and images.

Presentation:

• The covers on the Volumes and Portfolios are photographic reproductions, over board, of the original leather and buckrum covers.

• The spines are original, custom designs incorporating Native symbols found in the various Volumes.

• The Volumes and Portfolio Volumes are printed on high quality, archival, acid-free Finch Opaque paper.

Specifications:
Edition Size: open
Publication Date: 2017
Dimensions: 12 1/4 x 9 1/4 x 2” and 12 3/4 x 10 x 2” ISBN 978-1-942076-27-8

 

 

THE CUSTOM EDITION

PORTFOLIOS The layout replicates the original Curtis Portfolios. The Portfolios for the Custom Edition are presented in five Portfolio Volumes. The five Portfolio Volumes comprise images from Portfolios 1-4, 5-8, 9-12, 13-16, and 17-20, respectively. All Portfolio images were sourced from vintage, original photogravures from the Frederick Webb Hodge Set. The Hodge Set is one of the most valuable and important Curtis Sets in existence. This is the first time the Hodge Set has been used for reproduction purposes. The entire Set has been conserved and de-acidified, resulting in exceptionally beautiful files and reproductions. The Hodge Set portfolio photogravures were digitally captured with a state-of-the-art setup, utilizing a Nikon D800, a Polaroid MP4 copy stand, and a professional lighting solution. The digital files were processed and optimized using Adobe Lightroom and Adobe Photoshop.

TEXT VOLUMES Text and layout replicate the original Curtis Volumes. All Volume images were sourced from vintage, original photogravures from the Frederick Webb Hodge Set. The Hodge Set is one of the most valuable and important Curtis Sets in existence. This is the first time the Hodge Set has been used for reproduction purposes. The entire Set has been conserved and de-acidified, resulting in exceptionally beautiful files and reproductions. The Hodge Set photogravures were digitally captured with a state-of-the-art setup, utilizing a Nikon D800, a specially constructed book cradle to protect the binding of the original Volumes, and a professional lighting solution. The digital files were processed and optimized using Adobe Lightroom and Adobe Photoshop.

TEXT PREPARATION Text conversion was done by Wilber Schilling and Dan Shearen. The text for the Volumes was converted to digital type from original page scans using Adobe Acrobat XI software. Using the OCR (Optical Character Recognition) component of Adobe Acrobat software, the text was saved to a Microsoft Word document before importing into Adobe InDesign software for text formatting and page design. In the process, all raster type was converted to vector type formatting for the sharpest and most legible text.

PRINTING The text pages are printed on an Océ VarioPrint 6320 press at BookMobile in Minneapolis, Minnesota. The Océ VarioPrint 6320 is a toner-based printer that utilizes lower temperatures for crisper print fidelity and has a resolution of 600×1200 DPI at a 125-line screen. All 2,234 photogravure reproduction images are printed using an Epson Stylus Pro 9900.

PORTFOLIO VOLUME FONTS Title is Hand-cut Curtis Copperplate. Copyright and date information is Formal Script. Plate numbers are Prestige Elite Std Bold. Plate lists are set in Adobe Caslon. Outside spine title is set in Birch and Garamond. The Hand-cut Curtis Copperplate font was created in electronic form by Keith Possehl to closely match the complex, individually hand-cut letter styling of the titles on the original Portfolio photogravures so as to achieve a more coherent, visual consistency.

VOLUME FONTS Text is set in Adobe Caslon. Image titles are set in Boton Light. Copyright and date information is Formal Script. Outside spine title is set in Garamond.

THE COMPLETE REFERENCE EDITION™ SPECIFICATIONS

PORTFOLIOS The layout replicates the original Curtis Portfolios. The Portfolios for the Custom Edition are presented in five Portfolio Volumes. The five Portfolio Volumes comprise images from Portfolios 1-4, 5-8, 9-12, 13-16, and 17-20, respectively. All Portfolio images were sourced from vintage, original photogravures from the Frederick Webb Hodge Set. The Hodge Set is one of the most valuable and important Curtis Sets in existence. This is the first time the Hodge Set has been used for reproduction purposes. The entire Set has been conserved and de-acidified, resulting in exceptionally beautiful files and reproductions. The Hodge Set portfolio photogravures were digitally captured with a state-of-the-art setup, utilizing a Nikon D800, a Polaroid MP4 copy stand, and a professional lighting solution. The digital files were processed and optimized using Adobe Lightroom and Adobe Photoshop.

TEXT VOLUMES Text and layout replicate the original Curtis Volumes. All Volume images were sourced from vintage, original photogravures from the Frederick Webb Hodge Set. The Hodge Set is one of the most valuable and important Curtis Sets in existence. This is the first time the Hodge Set has been used for reproduction purposes. The entire Set has been conserved and de-acidified, resulting in exceptionally beautiful files and reproductions. The Hodge Set photogravures were digitally captured with a state-of-the-art setup, utilizing a Nikon D800, a specially constructed book cradle to protect the binding of the original Volumes, and a professional lighting solution. The digital files were processed and optimized using Adobe Lightroom and Adobe Photoshop.

TEXT PREPARATION Text conversion was done by Wilber Schilling and Dan Shearen. The text for the Volumes was converted to digital type from original page scans using Adobe Acrobat XI software. Using the OCR (Optical Character Recognition) component of Adobe Acrobat software, the text was saved to a Microsoft Word document before importing into Adobe InDesign software for text formatting and page design. In the process, all raster type was converted to vector type formatting for the sharpest and most legible text.

PRINTING The text pages are printed on a state-of-the-art digital printer at BookMobile in Minneapolis, Minnesota.  All 2,234 photogravure reproduction images are printed using a high-quality archival paper chosen specifically for this Edition.

PORTFOLIO VOLUME FONTS Title is Hand-cut Curtis Copperplate. Copyright and date information is Formal Script. Plate numbers are Prestige Elite Std Bold. Plate lists are set in Adobe Caslon. Outside spine title is set in Birch and Garamond. The Hand-cut Curtis Copperplate font was created in electronic form by Keith Possehl to closely match the complex, individually hand-cut letter styling of the titles on the original Portfolio photogravures so as to achieve a more coherent, visual consistency.

VOLUME FONTS Text is set in Adobe Caslon. Image titles are set in Boton Light. Copyright and date information is Formal Script. Outside spine title is set in Garamond.

ABOUT THE PUBLISHER

Christopher Cardozo Fine Art has long been a leader and innovator in many areas but specializing in the work of Edward Curtis for over forty years. We have brought new levels of expertise and professionalism to exhibitions, publications and lectures and have reached over 10,000,000 people in over forty countries with Curtis’ message of  Beauty, Heart and Spirit™.

Christopher Cardozo is widely acknowledged as the world’s leading authority on Edward S. Curtis. He is the author of nine monographs on Edward Curtis and has created and curated one-person Curtis exhibitions that have been seen in over one hundred venues, on every continent but Antarctica. His personal Curtis collection is currently the subject of a multi-continent traveling exhibition Edward S. Curtis: One Hundred Masterworks (2015, Prestel). Today, Cardozo spends ever-increasing amounts of time on education, exhibitions, publications and innovative methods of bringing Curtis’ work to new and diverse audiences in new and diverse ways.